"Mirtala" (1886) - a historical novel of the famous Polish writer Eliza Orzeszko. The novel takes us to ancient Rome the first century AD, in those years when the Jewish War ended and was captured Jerusalem. In the center of the story - the conflict between two peoples, the Romans and Jews. Eliza Orzeszkowa shows how this conflict is refracted in the fate of a Jewish girl, Mirtaly, before which there is a choice between love and faithfulness to his people. The story of Mirtale woven into the broader historical and artistic context: in the novel derived real and fictional characters whose lives will help us better understand that distant era, and perhaps the present.