The Fifth Book of the Code of Maimonides Mishneh Torah (the sixth is coming under the "Library of Jewish texts") is called the KDU-sha, meaning "holiness." It comprises three sections: the Law on Prohibition of sexual relations, laws allowed and forbidden foods and the laws of ritual slaughter of livestock and poultry (shechita). The essence of holiness, according to Jewish tradition, is in office. Gd commanded the Jews to keep the holiness: "And the LORD spake unto Moses, Speak to the community of the children of Israel, and say unto them, Ye shall be holy: for I the Lord your God" (Leviticus 19: 2). The sages of the Talmud comments on this verse: "As I am holy, and you are holy, as I am separated and you are separated." 1 The people of Israel in their quest to become like the Most High shall be separated from other nations. Describing the structure of your code, the Rambam writes: "It [the book" Holiness "] I will include the Act on Prohibition of sexual relations and the laws of forbidden foods, as these two differences - the prohibited types of marriages and prohibited types of food - sanctified us and stand out from the Creator other nations. Both are characterized by Scripture prohibitions as follows: "And I will highlight you from the nations ..." (Leviticus 20:26); "... Who singled you out from the people" (Vayikra, 2o: 24 >> 2.
Duties imposed on the people of Israel, is filling holiness - the Divine Presence - profane material world. Jews must spiritualize matter, raise it to a higher level of existence. First of all, this is expressed in overcoming his own passions and evil inclinations. In everyday life, a Jew must limit the two most basic instincts - sexual passion and desire for food and saturation, not to give them blindly, but to give meaning, separating permissible from the forbidden. The great medieval Jewish thinker p. -Avragim Ibn Ezra says in his book Yesod Mora ("Grounds piety"): "A reasonable person should not wish for yourself in this world is nothing other than what would be useful to him in the next world. Was it not told about the ban on some sex: "I am the Lord"? The path to holiness passes through the rejection of them, that man might priniknut to the Lord. "3 Thus, the laws set forth in the book "Holiness" teach a man to discipline and restraint and teach him constantly strive to achieve the holiness and purity.
Observing the prohibitions imposed by the Torah, not only the people rises to a higher spiritual level ("become holy"), but also helps to elevate the whole material world. Eating plants and animals according to the laws of permitted and forbidden foods, people allow them to fulfill their mission in this world and thus sanctify them. But since the Torah prohibits causing needless suffering living beings (Zaar baaleyhaim) laws of ritual slaughter of livestock and poultry are directed, in particular, and then to bring torment to slaughter animals to a minimum. In compliance with these laws also manifests the human desire to be like the Most High: and as he, the person must show mercy.
Translation of books Kedusha ("holiness") on Russian language is based on the publication of the Mishnah Torah p. Shabtai Frankel. The text highlighted a number of inconsistencies with versions based on Yemenite manuscripts edition, edited by p. Yosef CAPAJ. The numbering of the paragraphs within chapters are in conformity with the publication edited by p. S. Frankel; numbering edition p. J. CAPAJ listed in a special table at the end of the book. Translations of poems Tanakh are publishing "Mossad Ha-Rav Kook," edited D. Yosifona, except where the context otherwise requires understanding Rambam verse. The comments are some Talmudic sources used Maimonides and Rashi notes thereto, as well as explanations Kesef Mishnah Lechem Mishna and other "squires" halachic solutions Raavada, Ramban, Shulhan Aruch, Rama, the Mishnah Berurah and others. The publication is provided bibliographic review and glossary. It should be noted that this is like the previous volumes of this edition does not contain a full set of references to contemporary halachic establishment and in any case can not serve as a source of practical Halacha adopted today.